Skip navigation

Search

Contemporary Civilization

"World history is the progress in the consciousness of freedom – a progress that we must come to know in its necessity" (Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History, 1840).

Introduction to the Philosophy of History

Author: 

Georg Hegel

1770 CE – 1831 CE

According to his final university report, G. W. F. Hegel was “not without competence in philology,” but not “very promising in philosophy.” Although he was a late bloomer, Hegel nevertheless turned out to be one of the most ambitious philosophers of his generation and came to exert an unparalleled impact on nineteenth and twentieth century thought. 

Explorations

Explorations labeled “Licensed for Private Use” are available only to members of the Columbia community.