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The Core Curriculum

On the American Indians


Francisco de Vitoria

1492 CE – 1546 CE

Francisco de Vitoria was a Catholic philosopher, jurist and a leading figure in the School of Salamanca, site of a renaissance in Catholic social and legal thought in the aftermath of the Protestant Reformation.   An important contributor to Catholic “just war” theory, Vitoria is also regarded as a founder of “international law” who drew upon the Catholic tradition of natural law to develop a critique of Spanish policies in the Americas. 

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