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The Core Curriculum

“The Market in Ideas,” by Albert d’Arnould, 1848 CE.

“Bertall” (Albert d’Arnould), “La Foire aux idées,” in Journal pour rire 37, Oct. 1848. Lithograph.

This image pokes fun at the many 19th-century French thinkers offering detailed models for the ideal society, some of which were put into practice in experimental communities or ‘communes.’ These were the thinkers that Marx and Engels decried as “utopian socialists” in The Communist Manifesto, even as they drew on some of their ideas.


Via the National Library of France at

Image in the Public Domain.

Contemporaneous Resource
Access Level: 
Public Domain