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Detail of The School of Athens by Raphael, c. 1509-1510 CE

The School of Athens

Caption: Zeno of Citium, who was one of the founders of Stoicism depicted in Raphael’s The School of Athens

Zeno of Citium (c. 334 BC – c. 262BC), who was one of the founders of Stoicism depicted in Raphael’s The School of Athens. Not a single whole work remains from Zeno, nor the other two founders of stoicism (Cleanthes and Chysippus), so much of our knowledge about stoic ethics comes from Roman stoics Epictetus and Seneca.


Source/Citation: 

Raphael, 1509-1510. Public domain.

Type: 
Artistic Response
Access Level: 
Public Domain