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"...a master of any art avoids excess and defect, but seeks the intermediate and chooses this--the intermediate not in the object, but relative to us" (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, II.6, 1106b4-5).

Nicomachean Ethics

Author: 

Aristotle

384 BCE – 322 BCE

Aristotle is a towering figure of ancient Greek philosophy, and his influence has been so prominent and so lasting that during some periods of Western history, he is referred to not by name but simply by the title "The Philosopher."  Although he was Plato's student, he matches and perhaps even outshines his predecessor, and it is difficult to think of an area of philosophical thinking that he has not substantially helped to shape. 

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