Skip navigation
“... But Odysseus / in his heart had pity for his wife as she mourned him, / but his eyes stayed, as if they were made of horn or iron, / steady under his lids. He hid his tears and deceived her” (Homer, The Odyssey, Book 19. 209-12).

The Odyssey



800 BCE – 650 BCE
Dates are approximate

Homer is the name associated since antiquity with the authorship of the Iliad and Odyssey, the so-called Homeric Hymns, and some other poems (mostly not extant). Nothing is recorded of him as a historical person; ancient biographical accounts contain nothing reliable, being compilations from apocryphal stories, competing local claims, and imaginative inferences from the poems.


Explorations labeled “Licensed for Private Use” are available only to members of the Columbia community.