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Contemporary Civilization

"...we must consider what state all men are naturally in, and that is a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature, without asking leave or depending on the will of any other man" (Locke, Second Treatise).

Second Treatise & Letter on Toleration



1632 CE – 1704 CE

Born in 1632, John Locke attended the University of Oxford, where he studied medicine. Locke’s early interests were scientific, and he operated on the periphery of the Scientific Revolution: he eventually became friends with Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton, two titans of modern science. It was this profession, strangely enough, that led him into politics. 


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